Forward Head Posture

Postural Dysfunction on October 31st, 2010 No Comments

Forward head posture (FHP) is a common problem seen in clinical practice and experienced in our society, this problem is driven by the specific and repetitive tasks of everyday work and leisure. The typical pain complaints associated with this postural dysfunction includes but is not limited to headaches, neck pain, neck stiffness, temporomandibular dysfunction and visual disturbances, just to name a few. The basic anatomical explanation for what happening is that the lower cervical vertebra are moving into flexion and the upper cervical vertebra are moving into extension, whereas the body attempts to keep the eyes on the horizon. This structural shift creates changes in the position of the muscles associated with this region, the primary neck flexors adaptively shorten and the primary neck extensors stretch weaken. Muscles that are adaptively shortened often house active trigger points and muscles that are stretch weakened become dense and fibrotic. What happens to the four suboccipitals on each side of the spine in this scenario?

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